Mongolia – Nomad Country

Mongolia – Nomad Country

Mongolia is huge. Similar to the size of West Europe, and the population is only three million people (of which most live in Ulaan Baatar).
I think that the main reason for the low population density is the difficulty in growing food. Large parts of the country is desert or semidesert. The rainfall is low ( Therefore, the tomatoes don’t really like it here.

On the other hand, what you can eat here is meat. Grazing animals like sheep, cattle, goats, camels and horses are the five livestock pillars of the Mongolian society. Since the grasslands are sparse, the people move with their livestock across the plains and the rolling mountains.

We visited a modern nomadic family an hour drive outside of Ulaan Baatar.

Modern nomads living in their ger (pronounced girr) with solar cells and a satellite dish.
Modern nomads living in their ger (pronounced girr) with solar cells and a satellite dish.
For heating, they burn dried dung. There is not a tree in sight on this plain.
For heating, they burn dried dung. There is not a tree in sight on this plain.
The ger is cozy inside and the main window in the ceiling is nowadays covered with a plastic sheet, so it is quite comfortable.
The ger is cozy inside and the main window in the ceiling is nowadays covered with a plastic sheet, so it is quite comfortable.
Erik with one of their goats. They have in total approximately 600 heads livestock.
Erik with one of their goats. They have in total approximately 600 heads livestock.
Marijke and the youngest daughter checking out the calves.
Marijke and the youngest daughter checking out the calves.

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We had a nice lunch together. Mutton and potatoes. For drink we got salty milk. Not my favourite.
We had a nice lunch together. Mutton and potatoes. For drink we got salty milk. Not my favourite.

 

The outdoor loo is a hole in the ground with a small fence around. Quite cold for the bum.
The outdoor loo is a hole in the ground with a small fence around. Quite cold for the bum.
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